CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION DEPARTMENT (CID) MANUAL MEGHALAYA
CID will perform the following functions :-
(1) Investigation of complicated cases or organized crime extending over two or more districts.
(2) Institution of confidential Enquires into matters of general interest under the direction of the Director General and Inspector General of Police or the State Government.
(3) Co-operating with the Criminal Investigation Department of other States and exchanging with them information’s on inter-State Crime and Criminals
(4) Collection of Statistics relating to Crime and Criminals and submission thereof to the Director General and Inspector General of Police, the State Government and other authorities as and when required.
(5) Giving expert legal advice or guidance in matters referred to it by Superintendents of Police in-charge of districts.
(6) Publications of the Criminal Intelligence Gazette every month containing information on matters of general interest affecting the prevention and detection of crime.
(7) Maintaining narcotic Cell.
(8) Maintaining the SCRB (including F.P.B. and Statistical Cell).
(9) Maintaining Photographic Cell.
(10) Maintaining Law and Research Cell.
(11) Maintaining Dog Squad.
(12) Maintaining Juvenile Guidance Bureau.
(13) Keeping Liaison with the Forensic Science Laboratory and other Organization and Departments of the State and the Central Governments, reference to which may be required to be made for purposes of investigation or with organization dealing with juvenile crime, probation, after care, etc.
(14) Carrying out such other functions as may be assigned to it by Director General and Inspector General of Police or the State Government.
Administration :- Subject to the general control of the Director General and Inspector General of Police, the administration of the Criminal Investigation Department will vest in the Inspector General of Police, CID.
The Inspector General of Police, CID, will be assisted by Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID and Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID.
The Spl. Superintendent of Police, will be responsible for the efficient working of the State CID in all its spheres.
Different Units of the CID :- The State CID will comprise the following units :-
(1) Crime Investigation Sections;
(2) Criminal Intelligence Gazette Section;
(3) Narcotic Cell;
(4) SCRB (including FPB and Statistical Cell);
(5) Photographic Cell;
(6) Dog Squad:
(7) Juvenile Guidance Bureau;
(8) Law and Research section;
Submission of Report to the State Government :- The Dy. Inspector General of Police is authorized to submit reports direct to the State Government with copies to the Director General and Inspector General of Police and Inspector General of Police, CID, on all the matters pertaining to Crime in the State. In cases involving matters of administration, service, discipline and policy, however, references should be made to the Director General and Inspector General of Police, and Inspector General of Police, CID.
CRIME INVESTIGATION SECTION
(1) Government of Meghalaya have vide Notification No.HPL.181/92/8 dated the 2nd February, 1994 declared CID (HQrs) as a P.S. under clause (5) of Section 2 of the Cr.P.C. 1973 having its jurisdiction throughout the State of Meghalaya.
Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID, Meghalaya, Shillong will function as the Officer-in-Charge of the said P.S. and will in this capacity, perform all duties and responsibilities of an O/C of a P.S. as laid down in the Cr.P.C., with regard to the cases registered in the said P.S.
(2) The CID (HQrs) P.S. will take up the following categories of cases for investigation :-
(i) Cases of counterfeit currency notes and coins of a serious and sensational nature or having inter-district or inter-state ramifications.
(ii) Cases of embezzlement, fraud, forgery, defalcation or falsification o accounts involving a large sums or having wide ramifications or having inter-district or inter-state ramifications.
(iii) Cases of criminal breach of trust or cheating of very serious or complicated nature or having inter-district or inter-state ramifications.
(iv) Any case of sensational nature which has evoked general public interest.
(v) Cases of murder, dacoit, robbery or kidnapping and abduction which are of a sensational nature and have aroused considerable public interest or outery.
(vi) Cases of exceptional difficulty or importance.
(vii) Organized crime committed by professional criminals extending over two or more districts.
(viii) Cases of very technical or complicated or serious nature which in the opinion of the State Government, the Director General and Inspector General of Police could call for the service of CID investigator.
(3) The CID (HQr) P.S. will have concurrent jurisdiction to investigate cases that fall within the aforementioned categories with the P.S. within those territorial jurisdiction the offence has been committed.
(4) Following procedure will be followed for registration and investigation of cases in the CID (HQr) P.S. :-
(i) In case of the offences falling within the aforementioned categories, committed within the territorial jurisdiction of P.Ss. outside Shillong, the P.S. concerned will register the case as soon as the case is reported.
(ii) Superintendent of Police of the District concerned will immediately thereafter furnish details of such cases by W/T to the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID.
(iii) The Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID will then obtain orders of Director General and Inspector General of Police through Inspector General of Police, CID as to whether the case should be transferred to the CID (HQr) P.S. in which case, the Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID, will issue orders to this effect accordingly.
(iv) The Superintendent of Police of the District concerned may in some cases, considering the gravity of the offence or other relevant aspects, inform the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID or the Spl. Superintendent of police, CID, over telephone about the same soon after the case is reported. IN such cases, the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID may obtain orders of the Director General and Inspector General of Police through the Inspector General of Police, CID on the basis of such telephonic communication for transferring case to the CID (HQr) P.S.
(v) As regards the P.Ss in the East Khasi Hills, D.E.F., the following procedure will be followed :-
(a) When such an offence is reported at any P.S., outside Shillong, the case will be registered in the P.S. concerned. The Superintendent of Police, East Khasi Hills, will then furnish details of the same urgently to the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID or to the Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID. The Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID will then obtain orders of the Director General and Inspector General of Police through the Inspector General of Police, CID as to whether the case should be transferred to CID (HQr) P.S.
(b) In case such an offence is reported at one of the P.Ss located in Shillong, before registration of the case in the P.S. concerned, the Superintendent of Police, East Khasi Hills will furnish details of the same to the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID or Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID over telephone or personally. The Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID will then discuss the same with the Inspector General of Police, CID and the Director General and Inspector General of Police and if the Director General & Inspector General of Police so desires, the case will then be straight away registered in the CID (HQr) P.S. The Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID will then ask the Superintendent of Police, East Khasi Hills to advise the complainant to appear in the CID (HQr) P.S. for registering case.
(vi) The Director General & Inspector General of Police may, either on direction from the State Government or on hearing about such a case in any part of the State, without waiting for any formal communication from the CID or from the Superintendent of Police concerned, order on his own that a case of registered in the CID(HQr) P.S. After the Director General & Inspector General of Police has to passed the orders, if the case already been registered in the P.S. concerned, the case will be transferred to the CID (HQr)P.S. If the case has not been so registered the same will be registered in the CID (HQr P.S. on receipt of the F.I.R.
(vii) After the case is so registered in the CID(HQr) P.S. the same will be endorsed for investigation to an officer of the above the rank of an Inspector serving in CID who will exercise jurisdiction all over the State, if so required, during the course of investigation. The investigating Officer of the CID may be assisted by one or more Assistant Investigating Officers of the rank of Sub-Inspector or Asstt. Sub-Inspector as per decision of the O/C of CID (HQr) P.S.
(viii) All the District Superintendent of Police will render all necessary assistance to the Investigating Officers of the CID in investigating the cases, whenever they approach the District Superintendents of Police for any assistance in this regard.
(ix) In all cases registered in the CID (HQr) P.S., till such time as the CID P.S. does not have a lock up and interrogation room of its own, the same available in the Shillong P.S. will be made use of by the CID (HQr) P.S.
(x) The Investigating Officers of the CID will maintain a record of the investigation done, on each day in the Case Diary. They will submit pies of the C.D. on every day of investigation to the Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID through the Dy. Superintendent of Police, CID. The Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID will then peruse them and issue necessary instructions to the I/O while recording a gist of its contents in the running Note-sheet of the relevant file, which should then be shown to the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID along with a copy of the instructions issued.
(xi) After the registration of the case in the CID (HQr) P.S. till submission of the Final Form, the I/O will submit Progress Report on the case in the prescribed format once a fortnight. Apart from other details, details of progress made in the investigation during the fortnight in question will be specifically mentioned. This report will be submitted even if there has been no progress in the investigating during the fortnight, stating reasons for the same. the P.Rs of all the cases will be put up to the Director General & Inspector General of Police through the proper channel in single file system with comments of Inspector General of Police, CID, Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID, Superintendent of Police, CID and thereafter instruction will be communicated to the I/O by the Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID for necessary action.
(xii) The Progress Report will contain clear, connected and continuous record of the progress investigation with particular reference to the evidence collected, both oral and documentary.
(xiii) After the investigation has been completed, the I/O will submit the Final P.R. on the case in the prescribed format.
(xiv) The Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID will then obtain the comments of a lawyer attached with the CID on the Final P.R. and put up the same to the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID with his own comments.
(xv) The Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID will then obtain the Director General & Inspector General of Police’s order on the Final P.R. through the Inspector General of Police, CID and then the Final Form in the case will be submitted by the I/O through the Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID as may be ordered by the Director General & Inspector General of Police. The orders of the Director General & Inspector General of Police, will be final and shall be treated as order of CID and not of any particular officer.
Weekly Diaries / Summaries :- Every Field Officer of the CID will submit every week copies of the case Diaries/ Summaries of the work done by him during the week and also his weekly diary to the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID through the Dy. Superintendent of Police, CID, and Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID.
Supervision of Cases/ Enquiries :- The Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID, and Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID will closely supervise the investigations of enquiries taken up by the CID and issue supervision notes. They will always remain in close touch with the development of every case taken up by CID and will, wherever necessary, visit the scene of crime and generally guide the field officers till the investigation or enquiry is completed.
Tours outside the State :- Field Officers will seek prior permission of the Inspector General of Police, CID if it becomes necessary for them to visit places outside the State in connection with investigation or enquiries being conducted by them. Inspector General of Police, CID will follow the normal procedures for getting clearance for tours outside the State.
CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE GAZETTE SECTION
The main functions of the Section will be :-
(1) Preparation and Publication of Monthly C.I.G.
(2) Dealing with correspondences pertaining to material for publication I the Gazette.
(3) Scrutinizing Gazettes received from other States and publishing in the Gazette portions thereof which have relevance to the State.
(4) Circulating the Criminal Intelligence Gazettes of other States;
(5) Maintaining files of Gazettes up-to-date;
(6) Taking steps in respect of information about missing persons received in the Section.
The Criminal Intelligence Gazette will be divided into the following parts :-
PART – I
A. Persons wanted in specific cases.
B. Foreigners wanted for crime, deportation, etc.
C. Persons arrested who may be wanted else-where.
D. Untraced habitual offenders.
(such notice should be published once in respects of such criminals and would be repeated only when necessary).
F. Unidentified Corpses.
G. (i) Persons missing,
Photos will be published with description and other particulars (detachable).
(ii) Missing persons recovered.
PART – II
Importance Active Criminals (detachable).
PART – III
(a) Identifiable property, lost, stolen or seized on suspicion including motor cars and motor cycles.
(b) Thefts, loss or recovery or fire-arm and ammunition and explosives.
PART – IV
(B) Cases of cheating
(C) Other important cases of inter-state or inter-district interest.
(D) Monthly Crime/ Dacoity Review.
(E) Monthly Statement of Counterfeit coins.
(F) Monthly Statement of Forged Notes.
PART – V
Interesting detection with scientific aids to investigation and cases with peculiar modus-operandi (detachable)
PART – VI
Law Appendix (Detachable)
(Important rulings in Criminal Cases need only be published)
Instructions regarding furnishing materials for C.I.G. and its publication :-
(a) The prescribed forms shall be used and only side of the paper shall written on.
(b) Separate sheets of paper shall be used for separate subjects, and they shall bear the name of the district sending them, and the word, “for insertion in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette”.
(c) Proper names shall be clearly and legibly written.
(d) Personal descriptions should be sufficiently clear so as to lead to the identification of the individual.
(e) No forwarding memorandum shall be used.
(f) Matter for publication in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette should be of as recent a date as possible, otherwise the publication will be of little or no use. Superintendents of Police will, therefore, see that all information for publication is submitted as early as possible.
(g) Foreigners and Strangers :- Foreigners and Strangers who do not give a satisfactory account of themselves and whose actions and movements give rise to suspicion should be watched and their movements reported.
(h) Suspicious and bad characters :- The roll of notorious convicts or bad characters who are suspected to have left their native districts for the purpose of committing crime should be sent for publication in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette, in the prescribed forms.
(i) Gang Intelligence :- Gang statement in the prescribed form shall be submitted by the Superintendent of Police of all wandering gangs present in their districts.
(j) Property lost or stolen :- If there is reason to suspect that property lost or stolen has left the district, notice should be sent for publication in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette. Lists of property not capable of identification should not be sent for publication.
(k) Persons wanted by the Police :- The roll of persons who have absconded after committing any serious crime or who are otherwise wanted by the Police should be sent for publication in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette.
(l) Arms and Ammunition :- Lost and theft of fire-arms will be reported to the Criminal Investigation Department. The Criminal Investigation Department will publish details regarding them in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette, Recoveries should also be notified.
(m) The Criminal Investigation Department will publish in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette a precis of cases having special features.
(n) Extracts from other Gazette :- the Criminal Investigation Department will receive the Criminal Intelligence Gazette of the other States from which extracts of interesting subject or matters relating to this State as also interesting ruling of the High Courts having bearing on important points of law, will be published in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette.
The Gazette will be issued monthly under the signature o the Special Superintendent of Police, CID and will be available for the perusal of all ranks of the Police and its contents are for Departmental and not for public information.
The contents of the Criminal Intelligence Gazette must be carefully studied by all Police Officers who know English. Officers in charge of Police Stations and Out posts will be held responsible for explaining to such of their subordinates as do not know English all portions of the Gazette which concern them. Superintendent of Police should mark these portions of the Gazette to draw the attention of their subordinate.
Superintendent of Police will take the opportunity when inspecting Police Stations to see whether the Officers have studied the Gazette and have kept their subordinates informed of its contents.
Narcotic Cell –
The Cell will deal with matters relating to illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and returns pertaining to them and collection and compilation of statistics regarding narcotics and correspondences with other concerned agencies of the Central and State Government on the subject and also investigation of such cases taken up by CID.
District Crime Records Bureau
1. In the three tier system of Crime Records Bureau recommended by the National Police Commission for Crime Records management, the District Crime Records Bureaux form the foundation upon which the entire edifice of the State Crime Records Bureaux and the National Crime Records Bureau is to be built. This district level crime records handling unit will have the responsibility of collecting the relevant information/ data on crime and criminals from the basis units of Police Administration i.e. the Police Stations. The DCRBX will also have the responsibility of ensuring that the records pertaining to crime and criminals are created and maintained correctly at the Police Stations and the needed data/ statistical information are sent regularly to the SCRBX. Since majority of the crimes is either of inter-district or of inter-district nature, proper maintenance of crime records and data by the DCRBX cannot be over emphasized.
2. Having regard to the fact that the DCRBX will be the fulcrum of activities with respect to the Crime Records Management, the organizational and staffing pattern for these units will have to be streamlined under and an integral approach. Since crime statistics will become a by product of the new system, no separate efforts will be required for compiling the statistics. The functions of the Computer Section, the Crime Branch and Finger Print Section will be inter-connected. The DCRBX will also have a major role to play in closely supervising and monitoring the maintenance of crime records at the Police Stations. Another major advantage in having a well organized, DCRBX will be greater coordination between Police Stations within the district and inter-district coordination in crime investigations and other related activities of the Criminal Justice Administration.
3. The DCRBX will consist of the Computer Centre, the Crime Branch and the Finger Print Section.
4. The DCRBX will be headed by a full time officer whose exclusive responsibility would be the management of the various sections comprising the DCRBX. The staff posted to the DCRBX should be under the administrative and disciplinary control of the District S.P. The Director of the SCRBX will, however, exercise supervisory powers over them and he will be the reviewing authority for their confidential reports. The DCRB will be headed by an officer of the rank of Inspector.
The functions of the constituent units of the District Crime Records Bureaux are described below :-
I. Crime Team -
1. To visit scene of Crime for collection of scientific evidence.
2. To develop and lift chance prints.
3. To photograph chance prints.
4. To photograph scene of crime from different possible angles.
5. To pack the scientific evidence as per the norms of F.S.L.
II. Police Computer Centre
The function of Police Computer Centre will he as follow :-
1. Administrative arrangement for running of the computer centre and making provision for the stores. To run day to day activities like computer stationery, computer compatible media, printer ribbons, etc., furniture, fire protection equipments, maintenance of computer system and environment control.
2. Ensuring data quality, integrity and security.
3. Receiving computer input forms from crime branch and transcription of data and verification on computer compatible media.
4. Threshold of data for upward transmission to State Crime Records Bureau and National Crime Recorded Bureau.
5. Ensuring division of computer files and backup management.
6. Management of manpower for operation of computer center i.e. to process data/ queries.
7. Proper editing of the retrieved information.
8. To send the error list to the Crime Branch/ concerned Police Stations/ Investigating Agencies.
9. Ensuring receipt of error list from the Crime Branch/ concerned Police Stations/ Investigating agencies after necessary corrections.
10. Ensuring document and media management.
11. To coordinated with the Crime Branch for getting the Integrated Police Forms in time.
12. To send back the computer output to the Crime Branch after proper checking.
13. To communicated periodical and day to day requirements of computer to the senior officers.
14. To inform the day to day computer performance to the senior officer.
15. Supervision of maintenance of computer A.C., power, fire protection and liaison with maintenance agencies.
16. Maintenance of tape library and documents of all the systems operational at the Computer Centre.
17. Proper record of all the queries received processed and handed over to Crime Branch for further transmission.
18. To check up and control the data to be sent to the State Crime Records Bureau.
19. To maintain machine log book showing machine uses and repair/ maintenance.
20. To prepare monthly report of job and machines performances
III. Crime Branch –
The function of Crime Branch will be as follows :-
1. To liaise with the Police Stations for getting fresh/ updated information, on Integrated Police Forms, getting queries from I/Os and pass them on to Computer Centre. Get back Computer outputs and send them back to I/Os after checking against dossier/ natural records.
2. To arrange training on Integrated Police Forms filling.
3. Sending back error lists to the concerned Police Stations.
4. Ensuring receipt of corrected error lists from Police Stations.
5. Receipt of query outputs from the Computer Section and verify these with the dossiers maintained manually at DCRBX before sending the outputs to the user.
6. To get and prepare the statistical statements from Computers and verify the same.
7. Maintenance and updation of dossiers.
8. Issue of queries to computer centre and receive back the outputs.
9. To make proper co-ordination with the Computer Centre.
10. Manual documentation of Crime Records/ Dossiers.
11. To manage data flow between DCRB and SCRB.
12. Maintenance of rogues’ gallery.
13. Maintenance of active Criminal’s list.
14. Dossiers of important and dangerous criminals.
15. Preparation of mandatory statistical statements and reports.
16. To arrange training on Integrated Police Forms filling.
17. To arrange training for the benefits of the I/Os for feeding queries to the Computers.
IV. Finger Print Section :-
The functions of the Finger Prints Section will be :-
1. Maintenance of single digit finger prints.
2. Codification of Finger Print Slips.
3. Codification of Finger Prints Record Slips.
4. Lifting of Finger Prints from the scene of Crime.
5. Matching Finger Print Slips manually or using Computers and sending the replies to queries.
6. Answering queries in regard to identification/ change prints using 40 digit code from the Computer.
State Crime Records Bureau –
The functions of the constituent units of the State Crime Records Brueaux are described below :-
(i) Computer Centre :
1. Same as that of Computer cell at DCRB.
2. To design and develop application software as required by SCRB and DCRB.
3. To modify the existing application software as required by SCRB.
4. To coordinate with the agencies identified for the purpose of Computer networking.
5. To coordinate with DCRB for the purpose of data and queries.
(ii) Training Wing :
The Wing will impart training to the personnel posted in DCRBx and SCRB on application and system software.
(iii) F.P.B. :
1. Same as functions of F.P. Cell at DCRB.
2. Maintenance of 10 digit finger print records.
3. Examination of finger prints on the questioned documents.
4. To give expert evidence in courts.
5. Research, development and training.
The F.P.B. will form part of SCRB. The In-charge of the Bureau is responsible for the general management, supervision, maintenance of discipline and efficient working of the Bureau.
Duties of the Finger Print Experts – The experts will attend to the following duties –
1. Examination of documents and chance prints.
2. Evidence in Courts.
3. Testing of F.P. Slips for records.
4. Classification and testing of Single Digit Cards.
5. Visit the scene of crime.
6. All correspondence pertaining to their section work.
Duties of Searchers – The searchers will attend to the following duties –
1. Searching of Finger Print Slips.
2. Classification of Finger Print Slips.
3. Indexing of Finger Print Slips.
Functions of the F.P.B.
The provisions contained in the Part IV of the Assam Police Manual will govern the functioning of the F.P.B.
COMPUTERIZATION OF DATA ON CRIME AND CRIMINALS
The following broad areas of information service are identified in respect of crimes and criminals for computerization :-
(1) Provide information in respect of criminals having past arrest on conviction record.
(2) Linking of crimes and criminals on the basis of modus-operandi.
(3) Identification of criminals on the basis of name, parentage, physical features and finger prints.
(4) Furnish list of associates, relatives of suspects/ criminals.
(5) Furnish information as to whether an arrested person is wanted in other cases.
(6) Disseminate information about persons wanted by Police/ Court.
(7) Linking of missing persons with unidentified dead bodies arrested persons on otherwise unidentified recovered persons.
(8) Store and disseminate district-wise series of registration numbers of motor vehicles registered all over the State.
(9) Co-ordinate numbered and identifiable properties, particularly automobiles, fire-arms and cultural properties.
(10) Linking of recovery/ seizure of counterfeit currency notes at various places in the State.
(11) Collect and process crime statistics and furnish information of statistical use.
Computerized Data Bank :
The data banks to be created and maintained, inter-alia, will consist of the following information’s :-
1) Particulars and peculiar features of heinous or inter-District type of crimes.
2) Particulars of Criminals suspected/ arrested/ charge-sheeted/ convicted/ acquitted/ discharged in inter-District type of crimes.
3) Particulars of all wanted persons.
4) Particulars of general property involved in such crimes.
5) Particulars of lost and recovered automobiles.
6) Particulars of receivers of stolen property.
7) Particulars of lost and recovered factory made/ licensed fire-arms.
8) Numbered property valued at Rs.10,000 and above (other than automobiles and fire-arms).
9) Particulars of lost and recovered cultural properties.
10) Particulars of counterfeit currency notes.
11) Particulars of seized, detected narcotic drugs.
12) Photographs and finger prints of criminals involved in inter-district crimes.
13) Selected fire arms licenses.
14) Arms/ ammunitions acquired and sold by arm dealers.
15) Data bank on drug trafficking and other cases under the NDPS Act.
16) Data Bank on economic offenders and offence.
The inter District and heinous type of Crimes :
This will include the following cases :-
1. Offences under Acts relating to terrorism.
2. Narcotics/ Drug trafficking.
8. Cheating/ Fraud.
9. Offences relating to documents.
10. Counterfeiting currency notes/ coins
11. Criminal Breach of Trust.
12. Receivers of stolen property.
13. Gang cases files.
14. Inciting communal disharmony.
15. Economic Offences.
16. Kidnapping/ Abduction
17. Arms/ Explosive/ Explosives substance Act.
18. Crimes using explosives.
19. Recovery of illegal arms and ammunitions.
20. Escapes from custody.
The Photographic Section is expected to render assistance to the Police by taking photographs of questioned documents and also in criminal investigation work and detection of finger prints.
The staff of the Photographic Section will take photographs of scenes of crime or accidents and of chance prints whenever required. In taking photographs of the chance prints found at scenes of crime, it should be remembered that they should be photographed only when they are examined and found fit for being photographed by the finger print experts.
The services of the Unit will be utilized in the detection of crime and criminals
Dogs have a keen sense of smell and are able to pick up both ground borne and air borne scents. However, in built up areas they may lose scent because of the over-lapping of scents and the availability of speedy means of transport like buses, trains, taxies, etc., which enable offenders to make a quick and easy get away. It is with the help of this sense of smell that dogs can follow up a scent to locate an individual or an object even if hidden.
If and when it is found necessary to use dogs for detection of crimes like murder, dacoity, robbery, burglary, etc., the time lag has to be curtailed to the minimum possible extent because their effectiveness depends upon the presence of the scent at the scene of offence and the longer the time lag lesser the chances of the dogs picking up the scents. There is also the fatigue factor affecting the dog as well as the handler which cannot be over-looked. Broadly speaking, scent, air-borne as well as ground borne, will not last for more than twelve hours unless the offender is hiding somewhere nearby.
Use of Dogs :- The main use of dogs can broadly be classified as under :-
(1) Guarding, (2) Patrolling, (3) Tracking, (4) Scent Identification, (5) Searching for Missing Persons, (6) Searching premises for locating hidden criminal, (7) escorting dangerous criminals, (8) Preventing a criminal or a suspect from escaping and (9) Seeking out an individual who may have hidden himself with the object of committing a crime late.
Selecting Cases for employing Dogs :- Whether the all important scent which is a must for employing dogs in crime work will remain long depends upon several factors, of which, the most important is the time factor. It is, therefore imperative that the investigating officer must decide whether any useful purpose will be served by employing dogs. In doing so, he will be guided by his own appreciation of the situation at the scene of crime. In doing so, he will keep in mind the following points :-
1) The time which has elapsed since the commission of offence.
2) Whether the culprit has left any of his personal belongings like a piece of cloth, handkerchief, chapal, shoes, etc., at the scene of offence.
3) Whether the criminal has sufficiently handled any of the articles at the scene of offence from which the dog could get scent.
4) Whether the locality is thickly populated or is an open place.
5) Where possible, it should be ascertained as to how the criminal has left the scene, whether he has traversed along a cement or tarred road or along open place and also whether the area traversed was dry or moist.
Conditions necessary for ensuring the best use of dogs :- To ensure the best and the most effective use of Police Dogs, the following requirements must be met :-
1) The handle must be a good Policeman and properly trained in the handling of his dog.
2) The dog must be properly trained.
3) All members of the force should have some knowledge of how dogs can best be used as aid to police work so that no opportunity is lost in enlisting their services whenever this is necessary.
JUVENILE GUIDANCE BUREAU
The Bureau will perform the following functions :-
a) Advising and guiding the local Police in the investigation of Juvenile crime when necessary.
b) Guiding the local Police in the enforcement of social legislations pertaining to Juvenile delinquency.
c) Coordinating the efforts of the local police in dealing with the cases of pre-delinquents and delinquents, socially handicapped Juvenile and victimized children.
d) Co-ordinating the work of the various juvenile aid police units or similar organizations throughout the State.
e) Keeping liaison with the Social Welfare Institutions (Government, quasi-Government and Private) and devising ways and means for the prevention of juvenile delinquency).
f) Taking up study of subjects concerned with juvenile delinquency as per directions of the Government or the Director General & Inspector General of Police.
g) Dealing with matters relating to the kidnapping and maiming of children for the purpose of begging.
LAW AND RESEARCH SECTION
(a) Functions of the Law Section :-
(1) The Law Sections of the CID shall examine legal and procedural matters arising out of the Police Administration and investigation in the State. All reference on points of law and procedure from the Districts in connection with investigation and prosecution of cases shall be examined here and the Superintendent of Police suitably advised.
(2) Whenever Government wants a draft for any legislation on a subject related to Police to be prepared by the Police Department, this work shall be undertaken by this section. Similarly, for preparation of draft rules under any statute relating to police, the matter shall be entrusted to this section.
(3) All orders, circulars, and notifications issued by the Police Department shall be maintained up to date in this section for future reference.
(4) The section shall also help in drafting such circular of the Director General & Inspector General of Police as has a bearing on legal matters.
(5) It shall be the duty of the Law Section to help and advise in the Police work relating to judicial enquiries, departmental enquiries and disciplinary proceedings.
(6) This section shall study and examine the Supreme Court and High Court sections coming out in various Law Journals and select such of the decisions for publication in the Criminal Intelligence Gazette, as are of interest to the police as a whole and also for dissemination among the Police Officers.
(7) If any legal decision affects any standing orders, rules circulars or provisions of Police Manual, the Law Section shall examine and initiate necessary steps for making such amendments as shall make the provisions of the Manual, etc., conform to the decisions.
The Law Section should have well qualified legal experts in the section to assist it in properly and efficiently performing its duties.
(b) Research Section –
The object of this sections of the CID, shall be to study and analyze :-
(a) Problems relating to the crime, crime trends and preventive measures.
(b) Matters relating to police organization and methods.
(c) Ways and means to improve and expedite investigation,.
(d) Introduction of new scientific aids and equipments.
(e) Social, economic, political or cultural factors in relation to crime.
(f) Police and its role in social defence.
(g) Specialized types of crime.
(c) The Section will also undertakes study on following subjects :-
a) Changing pattern of society and its effect on criminal tendencies of individuals.
b) Legal decisions affecting Police powers and administrations.
c) Prevention of crime and its effectiveness in actual working.
d) Action in regard to bad characters.
e) Use of fire-arms in the commission of offences.
f) Impact of industrialization on crime.
The Section will undertake study of only those problems which are entrusted to it under orders of the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID, Inspector General of Police, CID, Director General & Inspector General of Police or Government.
The Section will circulate the result of the studies undertaken by it to the District Police, other senior Police Officers for guidance.
1. The CID Library shall function as a specialized library. It shall be used also for Research. It shall also cater to the needs of the Law and Research Section of CID. For these purpose, the CID Library should have the latest books of interest and importance on various subjects particularly in the field of Police Science and Criminology, etc. It shall also keep the important reference books, encyclopedias charts and Atlases.
2. A separate section of this Library shall deal with books and journals on law and legal matters and latest criminal rulings of various courts.
Staff Selection : Tenure, Training
1. There shall be no separate direct recruitment of the executive staff of the CID. All such staff will form part of the general Police Force. The Posting of executive staff to the CID shall be made by picking up suitable persons from out of the general Police force after consulting Inspector General of Police CID and the Dy. Inspector General of police, CID. The candidates for CID should have sufficient experience in the investigation work and should have proved their capability in the same. They should be well educated, alert, intelligent and should posses requisite experience in carrying out investigation in complicated cases.
2. No definite tenure of service will be fixed for posting in the CID. But ordinarily it should be for a continuous period of 5 years. Those who have proved their capability in the CID work may be allowed to continue in the CID beyond this period. Criminal Investigation duties constitute a highly specialized job and frequent change should be avoided.
Security Arrangements :
1. Spl. Superintendent of Police, CID, will be responsible for ensuring the necessary security arrangements in the office premise.
2. Suitable arrangements shall be made for the security of the staff and the property. Security measures shall include ways and means to check unauthorized entry into the office premises, precautions to be taken against fire, sabotage, etc., custody of keys and the manner in which the waste paper, note books and surplus copies, etc., are to be kept and disposed of. The security of files and papers during movement shall be ensured.
3. There shall be a confidential section which shall be manned by specially selected Senior Assistants of the CID. It shall maintain a separate Receipt and Dispatch Register and shall have files marked as “SECRET”. This section shall deal with all secret correspondences.
Letters from this section should be issued in accordance with the usual security precautions.
Identity Cards :- When an Officer or a member of the subordinate executive staff is posted to the CID, he or she will be issued an identity card duly attested by the Dy. Inspector General of Police, CID.
Staff to carry Cards :- The Officers and men of the CID, will always carry their identity cards with them whenever and wherever they may be on duty. Loss of identity cards will be viewed seriously.
GOVERNMENT OF MEGHALAYA
NO. POL.128/2001/3 Dated Shillong, the 19th July,2001
From : Shri. G.P. Wahlang, IAS
Commissioner & Secretary to the Govt.
of Meghalaya, Political etc.Deptts
To : 1. All Principal Secretaries/Commissioner & Secretaries/Secretaries
2. All Heads of Departments.
3. All Deputy Commissioners.
Ref : This Department Letter No.POL.547/75/174 Dated 21st July, 1976.
I am directed to state that corruption in State Government Departments and Government Undertakings have been reported from time to time in the media or through various complaints, petitions etc. Some cases have been allowed by various Departments to develop into scandal; since no proper enquiry or investigation is done in time. It is therefore, necessary to stop this tendency forthwith.
For this purpose, the State Anti-Corruption Branch under the control of the Chief Secretary as the State Vigilance Commissioner has been functioning in the Political Department. All complaints of corruption, misconduct etc. of public servants which required investigation by the State Anti-Corruption Branch should be referred to the State Vigilance Commissioner by all concerned Departments/ Officers. On the order by the State Vigilance Commissioner, the cases/ complaints etc. will be enquired into by the Anti-Corruption Branch of the State police Department under the over-all supervision by the Inspector General of Police (CID). All enquiries/ reports by the Anti-Corruption Branch of the State Police will be submitted by the Inspector General of Police (CID) to the State Vigilance Commissioner for further necessary action.
All concerned may please be instructed accordingly.
Sd/- Shri. G.P.Wahlang, IAS
Commissioner & Secretary to the Govt.
of Meghalaya, Political etc. Department.
Memo No.POL.128/2001/3-A Dated Shillong the 19th July, 2001
Copy forwarded to :-
1. P.S. to Chief Secretary for information
2. P.S. to Director General of Police, Meghalaya, for information
3. Inspector General of Police, (CID) Meghalaya, Shillong for information and necessary action
4. Dy. Inspector General of Police, (AC) Meghalaya Shillong for information and necessary action.
Commissioner & Secretary to the Govt.
of Meghalaya, Political etc. Department.